In the past, we’ve talked at length about how diamond inclusions – that is, those natural faults and blemishes that occur within the internal structure of the diamond during its long development under the earth’s surface – exist on a spectrum, and how many diamonds will appear flawless until you get them under powerful magnification.
This is, of course, in the shopper’s favor. Unlike collectors, you’re not looking for a ‘prize specimen’ – you’re looking for a beautiful diamond that won’t force you to go thousands of dollars outside of your original budget.
Still, there inevitably comes a point where ‘perfectly imperfect’ becomes, well, imperfect. Included diamonds (known via the GIA Clarity Scale as I1 and I2 diamonds) represent a definitive no-go area for anyone looking to create the perfect engagement ring – here’s why.
An abbreviation of ‘Included’, I1 and I2 diamonds represent the first and second degree of the lowest grade on the GIA Clarity Scale. They follow on from SI, or ‘Slightly Included’, diamonds.
By now, you may know a little about what inclusions really are. In essence, the term represents a variety of different flaws that can occur within the diamond – from black pinpoints to clouds and feathers. Most diamond’s inclusions are not visible to the naked eye, and require strong magnification – and maybe even an expert eye – to spot.
If visible, however, these can interfere with a diamond’s sparkle – not to mention the beauty of an otherwise clear and beautifully cut stone.
According to the GIA’s own definition for I1 and I2 Diamond Clarity, these stones will feature inclusions that are ‘obvious’ under 10x magnification – the standard strength of magnification used to determine all diamonds’ clarity grades. In this category, any diamond with significant and obvious inclusions will be found, making it the least advantageous place to look for your piece.
While real diamonds require the intense heat and pressure found many miles beneath the earth’s surface in order to come into fruition, that unique environment will never give rise to complete perfection.
Inclusions come in all shapes and sizes. Some are due to traces or small crystals of other minerals within the internal structure of the diamond, while others are cracks or fractures within (or on) the surface of the diamond.
Unfortunately, no – and we would never recommend anyone looking to find a diamond for use in jewelry (and particularly not an engagement ring) invest into diamond clarity I1 or I2.
The GIA Clarity Scale is, inarguably, the most trusted and widely used method for ascertaining the quality of diamonds bought and sold around the world. Its scale runs from the flawless grades FL and IF (Internally Flawless) through what are, in general, the ‘eye clean’ grades: VVS1 and VVS2, VS1 and VS2 and, in many cases, SI1. All else being equal, the price of any diamond will decrease as it goes further down the scale.
As you can see, according to this scale, there are many opportunities to find an eye clean diamond (and at increasingly affordable prices) before you reach the visibly imperfect diamond clarity I1 or, worse still, I2.
In all likelihood, no – I1 diamonds will feature numerous flaws significant enough to be seen without 10x magnification, unless the diamond in question is very small.
Eye clean diamonds are, in a nutshell, diamonds that appear flawless even though inclusions have been identified under 10x magnification by diamond grading experts. They are an excellent example not only of the long spectrum that exists between FL graded diamonds, and diamonds that appear flawless, but also of the quality those on tighter budgets can still find.
One important thing to note is size. Just as smaller SI1 diamonds can be eye clean, and larger SI1 diamonds tend to show their inclusions, so too can I1 and I2 diamonds.
In general, diamonds with a clarity grade of I1 will only stand a chance of appearing eye clean if they are very small – below, say, half a carat. Obviously, with the average engagement ring being 1 carat or higher, this means a much smaller size than most shoppers are looking for.
The best way to determine if an I1 diamond really is eye clean is to check out the diamond’s GIA Report, and compare the diamond with the plot provided.
Also, never purchase a supposedly ‘eye clean’ diamond online – particularly if the price seems too good to be true.
Yes, but it is unlikely to sparkle anywhere near as much as an eye clean diamond of the same cut and shape.
We’ve said it before, and we’ll say it again: cut is by far the most important feature in any diamond when it comes to maximizing sparkle.
This 2.01 G-VS2 Round Diamond is an example of a diamond cut to ensure the most brilliance possible – meaning that, on the finger, it will create a dazzling light performance of bright flashes and shimmers. At the other end of the scale, this 2.01 Carat H-VS1 Emerald Diamond, while featuring a higher clarity grade, will shine a little differently and, while beautiful, without the electric shimmer of the round cut.
Nevertheless, in extreme cases, clarity does matter to sparkle. While, provided you choose an eye clean diamond, you won’t need to worry about any loss of brilliance, fire or scintillation, visible inclusions can derail the journey light makes through the diamond, and, as a result, impair sparkle.
Don’t get us wrong – unless you’ve got a cloudy diamond on your hands, it’ll still have plenty of shine to its name, but nowhere near as much as it could have.
Only if they are visible to the naked eye. Many inclusions don’t undermine the beauty of the diamond at all, but, in the case of heavily included diamonds, these flaws do matter – and should be avoided.
It’s easy to write-off these little imperfections in your head. After all, diamonds are one of the most beautiful and coveted things in the world – so what’s a few little pinpoints and grains buried deep within the internal structure? Will they really be all that noticeable when the diamond is mounted within a beautiful gold or platinum setting, and perched on top of the finger of the love of your life?
Unfortunately, yes – it will matter. Think about the most noticeable features of diamond: its transparency, sparkle, and its apparent perfection.
Now imagine how conspicuous even the smallest inclusion will be – and how hard it would be to stop your eye travelling to it everytime you got a close up look.
In some instances, it is possible to mask certain inclusions with a clever ring setting design – although this certainly isn’t ideal.
Provided the inclusion is situated at the very edge of the crown of the diamond, it is occasionally possible to conceal them behind a well-placed prong or, more easily, a bezel setting, which covers the entire outer edge of the diamond.
There’s no singular way of disguising an inclusion and, in many cases, the placement of those inclusions will make it impossible to do so, even with the skill and expertise of a jeweler.
Yes, some diamonds can be ‘improved’ quite masterfully by the setting, but here are just a few reasons why you shouldn’t make that your end game:
Designing your setting around your diamond limits your options significantly. If you’re investing in a visibly included diamond but do not want those inclusions to be visible after the ring has been crafted, your jeweler will be able to give you little to no choice in how the design should look – regardless of your future bride’s tastes.
The bezel setting, which is arguably the most effective style for hiding inclusions scattered towards the edge of the diamond, is also known for restricting sparkle. So, if you’re trying to get the most sparkle possible out of a visibly included diamond, this is not your best bet (but it might be your only bet).
It’s far too risky for you to go into the process with your mind made up on buying a cheaper, included diamond and ‘masking’ it in the setting, since many I1 and I2 diamonds feature visible inclusions closer to the center. In other words, not all inclusions can be hidden, and you’ll waste a lot of time looking for a diamond with flaws that can be disguised.
Not all diamond shapes are created equal, and the elongated, mirror-like facets of step cuts like the Emerald make it much, much easier for the naked eye to spot any minor inclusions. So, if you know that your future bride’s heart is set on the Emerald or Asscher cut, taking a gamble on an I1 or I2 diamond with a view to designing the setting around any inclusions is a big, big risk – and one that is unlikely to pay off for you.
So, the short answer is this: yes, some inclusions can be hidden but, at the same time, no, you should not bank on it.
No, not at all. Each clarity grade has a certain amount of impact on the diamond’s value, but no diamond – even those at the very tail-end of the GIA clarity scale – are considered worthless.
First off, even FL diamonds have inclusions – although these inclusions will be microscopic, and may not even be visible under 100x magnification.
Secondly, remember what we’ve been saying about eye clean diamonds? Any diamond that is called ‘eye clean’ has, by definition, its own inclusions which will have been illustrated on the plot found within its GIA Diamond Report.
Given these two points alone, it’s clear that many included diamonds can still be worth tens of thousands of dollars.
If we’re talking about I1 or I2 diamonds, then the answer is the same – although these diamonds will be worth significantly less than diamonds graded higher on the clarity scale.
Round diamonds are better at ‘masking’ visible inclusions than step cuts, although, again, this isn’t the most reliable theory to work with.
We mentioned above how the longer, wider facets of Emerald cut diamonds are probably some of the worst when it comes to concealing inclusions, and how even some ‘sleight of hand’ when it comes to designing a suitable ring setting probably won’t prove useful if you’re looking to get that flawless look in an I1 or I2 diamond.
By that logic, then, isn’t the round cut the best choice for included diamonds? In all likelihood, yes, since the many facets and high level of brilliance can serve as a ‘mask’ for flaws.
Nevertheless, we’re not saying you should make your mind up on an I3 round diamond. Plenty of round diamonds appear included, and suffer from the sparkle-limiting consequences of having those inclusions.
This is particularly worrying if shoppers are looking to buy a diamond online, since you can’t judge the severity of the inclusions yourself until after you have already paid, and had the diamond delivered to your house. If you are shopping as low as I1 and I2, you should never attempt it without a reliable jeweler to discuss the pros and cons with you.
Chances are, however, that your jeweler will urge you to focus more on the SI clarity grade and above, since eye-cleanliness can still be made available at a reasonable price.
Despite their visible flaws, I1 diamonds will still typically cost around $2,000+ — although they will of course cost less than comparable diamonds with a higher clarity grade.
Yes, opting for a diamond with a clarity grade of I1 is a surefire way of saving a little money, the reduced price is pretty unlikely to be worthwhile. After all, included diamonds still hold plenty of value – just not for fine jewelry.
In other words, while there is (obviously) a noticeable difference in cost between an I1 diamond and an eye clean SI1 or VS2 diamond, that difference is not as significant as some people might imagine it to be. You won’t necessarily be saving thousands and thousands of dollars – particularly when you consider the fact that even SI1 diamonds offer plenty of eye clean options at an affordable price point.
As the name suggests, eye clean diamonds will have no visible imperfections – either internally, or on the surface.
This is something you and your jeweler will judge for yourselves, and really has nothing to do with the diamond’s clarity grade or its plot provided within the GIA report. Yes, certain clarity grades are far more likely to offer eye clean diamonds than others – and some simply won’t offer any options at all – but eye cleanliness means that a lower clarity grade of around VS2 or SI1 doesn’t matter.
Put simply, eye clean diamonds look perfect – which means that they will look perfect in your engagement ring.
It’s far from ideal, particularly when you are looking to find the right center stone for your engagement ring. While a lucky few might find a passable diamond at this clarity grade, it’s highly unlikely, and may require some pretty big sacrifices on your part.
We’re not saying that every I1 or I2 diamond ever purchased was a total flop. We are, however, saying that making an investment of this size into a diamond that, in all likelihood, features inclusions large enough to register with the naked eye, is definitely a big risk.
Those looking for diamond engagement rings don’t need to decide whether they’re a part of the (very, very small) minority who can afford flawlessness, or, alternatively, a part of the majority who have to settle for visible imperfections.
Also, by now – and even if you’re daunted by the prospect – you’ve probably already got a few ideas in mind for the sort of ring you want to present to your future bride. If you’re forced to curtail your creativity and work to hideyour diamond’s inclusions, it’s pretty likely that you won’t be able to stick to that original vision.
Even if you feel okay with a visibly included diamond right now, this is not the sort of purchase you want to be having second thoughts over. Eye clean diamonds are great because, once purchased, we can forget all about any inclusions marked down within their GIA report – although the same can’t be said for I1 and I2 diamonds.
Don’t feel discouraged – creating an affordable engagement ring is definitely possible, but it should never be at the sacrifice of eye cleanliness. For that reason alone, consider I1 and I2 the wrong place to start – or end – your search for a diamond.